Arkansas State University

 

Environmental Health & Safety

        FIRST AID PROCEDURES

Basic First-Aid Procedures for Classrooms and Laboratories

Burn –

Minor – include small scalds or burns from hot objects.

bulletFlush the burned area with cool water from a tap or use cool wet compresses applied to the skin.
bulletCleanse the burned area. Apply burn cream from the first aid kit.
bulletIf blistering occurs – recommend that student seek treatment at Wilson Student Health Center (WSHC) or with personal physician.

Chemical Burn

bulletStart treatment immediately by placing the burned area under cool running water and continue flushing for at least 15 minutes.
bulletIf the chemical has splashed into the eye, irrigate the injured eye with cool water. Make sure the eye is open and the head is positioned so the water will not run into the other eye. Irrigate for at least 15 minutes, and then cover the eye with a sterile compress. Recommend the individual seek emergency medical treatment. UPD will transport student to medical treatment facility.
bulletNote: Staff should pull Material Safety Data Sheet and send with student to medical treatment facility.

Cuts/Scrapes/Bruises

Minor

bulletClean area with a Betadine wipe, which can be found in the first aid kit. Cover with a light protective adhesive bandage.
bulletTreat bruises that involve bleeding into the tissue beneath the outer layer of skin with cold packs to reduce swelling.
bulletFor deeper cuts that go through the skin, control bleeding with direct pressure and elevation. If bleeding persists or recurs, recommend the student seek medical treatment at the Wilson Student Health Center or with personal physician.

Fainting

bulletCheck to make sure the individual is breathing.
bulletLay the person on his/her back; raise the legs higher than the head to promote the flow of blood to the heart and brain.
bulletWhen person revives, color returns to the face, suggest lying or sitting for a few minutes before attempting to stand.
bulletRecommend the student seek medical treatment at the Wilson Student Health Center or with personal physician.

Nosebleeds

bulletHave the person sit down with head angled slightly forward so the blood doesn’t run back into the throat.
bulletIf the blood comes from only one nostril, press the fleshy part of the nostril firmly toward the midline; if from both, pinch the nostrils together. Maintain pressure for 5 to 10 minutes.
bulletIf the bleeding is profuse or cannot be controlled within 30 minutes, or if nosebleeds occur frequently, advise the student they should seek medical treatment at Wilson Student Health Center or with personal physician.

Sprains

  • Start with RICE – Rest, Ice, Compressions and Elevation. Do not let the individual use the injured body part.
  • Apply an ice pack and mild compression with an elastic bandage to the injured body part for several hours to keep swelling down.
  • Keep the sprain elevated, using pillows.
  • If there is discoloration or deformity, advise the student they may wish to seek medical treatment from Wilson Student Health Center or with personal physician.

Eye Injuries

Minor

bulletDO NOT rub or apply pressure or ice to the injured eye.
  • Cover eye with patch and recommend student seek medical treatment from Wilson Student Health Center or with personal physician.
  • If the injury is a black eye, you may apply ice to cheek and area around eye, but not directly on the eyeball itself.

Severe

bulletIf an object is impaled in the eye, CALL 9-911, DO NOT remove the object.
bulletCover both eyes with sterile dressings to immobilize have student transported to medical treatment facility of their choice.
bulletDO NOT rub or apply pressure or ice to the injured eye.
bulletNote: UPD will transport individual to medical treatment facility if student prefers UPD transport rather than ambulance.

This page is maintained by Starr Fenner sfenner@astate.edu Last Updated On:    November 15, 2004